How to Plant Mango in pot

Mango tree cultivation in pots to be fertile and fruitful. Mango cultivation in pots increasingly popular nowadays because its consider an effective technique for fruit plant lovers who want to plant mango trees by utilizing a narrow land the mango tree in the pot, able to produce delicious fruit as well as home decorator the most beautiful if you see the fruit plants that we park, see the fruit hanging makes us want to pick and eat.

There are several varieties of mango trees that can be planted in pots, such as chokanan, namdokmai,
modenko, apple mangoes, irwin, manalagi, pawpaw, khioe, arummanis
and many more,

There are several steps we need to consider if we want to cultivate the mango tree in pots
this time, I will provide some tips on how to cultivate mango in pots,

1. Seed selection

Choose seeds based on varieties
Choose mango varieties that are easy to bear and be cared for,
compact and productive such as varieties of manalagi, arumanis, apple mangoes, nangklangwan, okyong and namdokmai. Choose seeds derived from grafting. The yield of seedlings by this method is faster to bear fruit than that derived from seeds.

2. Planting Media

The mango tree is very suitable to be cultivated using media that has crumbs and grains structure,
loose and rich in nutrients. The media should also be porous and light enough to keep the trees easily removed and free from pests and disease.s
The composition of the material used was a mixture of soil, manure/compost and charcoal husk
with a ratio of 2: 1: 1.


3. Pot Preparation

the selection of pot size must be adjusted to the height of the plant for example if the mango fruit has a height of 1.5 meters, we can use drums which have 60 cm diameter cut in half moreover, we just made a hole at the bottom of the pot to remove excess water.


4. Planting Seeds

it's better to give tiles and fibers on the bottom of the pot to ensure smooth drainage and air circulation. After that put planting media into the pot evenly until it reaches half the pot
plant the trees after the polybags opened and placed it right in the middle. Fill the empty spaces around the roots with mixed media until close to the top surface of the pot ensure the ex-grafting stem
was prominently 10-15 cm above the surface of the media then flush the planting medium with water.

5. Plant Treatment

This stage can be categorized as a determination to ensure the growth and fertilization of mangoes.
Watering, In the beginning, the plant must be watered regularly every day in the morning and afternoon.  If the media in the pot quickly dry, especially during the dry season, it's better watering 2 times a day. Do not water excessively because it makes the planting media out of the pot.

Fertilization

Plants desperately need nutrients for survival and production, Perform fertilizer application to stimulate flowering namely by providing NPK 15:15:15 as much as 30 grams of fertilizer per pot.
Apply fertilization at intervals once a month until the mango flower begins to grow. Add the manure as much as two small milk cans so that the nutrients in planting medium remain balanced.
As the flower begins to grow to do the fertilization again by using NPK fertilizer.
Before giving fertilization, it is better to dissolve the fertilizer first into the water with the ratio of one tablespoon of fertilizer to 5 liters of water


Pruning

To achieve maximum results preferably pruning task was done regularly since the plants were one month old. The first pruning when the stem section reaches 70-100 cm height. From the first pruning, it will grow primary stem. Select the primary stem and keep the three primary branches up to
50-75 cm long if it has a lot of number and length preferably prune once more from the three primary branches, it will grow secondary branches.
Select and maintain three secondary branches with a length of 30-50 cm. And from this secondary branch will also grow tertiary branches. Maintain a 20 cm long tertiary branch in order to support the fruit strongly and not easily broken if there are fruits. Not only the branches, but the new shoots should also be pruned.

How to Plant Mango in pot
The goal is to stimulate flowering

We can prune the tree again when new shoots have re-grown. New shoots should be pruned by the time of harvesting time is over. This new shoot will cause, nutrient wastage. Prune also destined for dense leaves and negative branches, such as infertile, broken, burned, and so on there are a lot of ways to stimulate flowering and fruit on mango cultivation in pot one way is by maximizing the vegetative growth.
Prune is one way to stimulate mango to flower and fruit moreover, there are some other ways it is planted submission.

plant submission is one technique to stimulate plant flowering by directing plant stem downward so it can obstruct photosynthesis nutrient flow from leaves to plant's root otherwise, nutrients concentrated and used as flowering growth, plant opening other ways we can do to stimulate flowering is by opening / wounding the plant because the photosynthesis nutrient from leaves to root could be stop and assembled in flowering area plant opening can be applied by performing some stems chopping, scrape or peel the stem bark basically, we can only perform this task for the older plant because if we apply this for a younger plant it can obstruct plant growth even it can cause plant mortality stem grinding, stem grinding can also be applied for plant flowering stimulation.

basically, it has a similar aim as wounding the stem to obstruct the photosynthesis nutrient flow from leaves to roots so carbohydrate will get stuck in leaves so it can be absorbed to stimulate plants flowering and fruit stem grinding is more secure than stem wounding because wounding applied directly for plants stem grinding applied by wrapping the primary or secondary branch using wire it's better to use wire for wrapping branch because of it tighter so photosynthesis nutrients are truly obstructed wired stem will be more choked when it grows bigger flower will grow after 1-2 months stem grinding, we can take off the wire after the fruit begins to bear stem grinding is suitable for stimulate flower and fruit for mango in pots for detail stem grinding process,

flower closure

Perform closure on all plants or flowering branches with plastic so that the flowers do not fall out especially in the rainy season, It's because the flowers on mango plants are very sensitive to rain.

Pest Prevention

Mango plants are often attacked by pests, such as fleas, flies ulcers, caterpillars, and animal borers
If the pest attack appears, immediately spray with insecticides, It is done when necessary
Spraying every week must not be continued because it will disrupt the pollinator insect population.

6. Mango Repotting Process

In the mango pots cultivation, the process of repotting or replacing pots is an important thing to do.
This is because when the plant is getting older and bigger, then, of course, there will be many roots that grow and if the root has already filled the pot then, of course, the roots will damage the planting media and clog the drain hole in the bottom of the pot

The result, the grow of mango plants will be inhibited and mango will be difficult to bear fruit and flowering an effective way to overcome is by performing pot replacement.
Ideally, the replacement of pots for mango plants every 2 years.
It is to trim the disturbing roots first, then the new mango plant is moved to a new pot that is larger than before.

7. Harvesting Period

Ideally, in Indonesia mango trees will bear fruit at least 1 time in 1 year.
Pick the mango fruit in the right way, using a sharp knife as much as possible, it's to keep the fruit from falling from the tree onto the ground.
That's because mangoes are unlikely to mature simultaneously so this harvesting process can be performed periodically.
Potted Mango tree the results of grafting will bear fruit approximately at the age of 3-4 years.
The number of the first harvests is only 10-15 pieces and will increase in the next harvest period.

ok, that was the tips for the cultivation of mango in pots from the nursery, treatment until harvesting
and tips to speed up the flowering and fruit for mango planted in pots.
actually, these quick fruit tips can be performed on other fruit crops,
such as starfruit, sapodilla, soursop and other.

good luck and don't forget to pray to Allah
in order to get a blessing and good results in our work




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