planting kurma fruits in Indonesia is not easy

planting kurma fruits in Indonesia is not easy-The reason, perhaps a lot of people who are already planting kurma fruit but was not successful. In this case, it does not mean that kurma trees cannot be planted in Indonesia. There are even some people who do cultivation in Indonesia.

Kurma is the fruit from the middle-eastern origin which is already familiar. Its existence is very popular, especially during the fasting month. Many people make this fruit as food at iftar, as the handpieces when they just came from Hajj / Umrah, even serve as a medicine kurma fruit has a lot of benefits, therefore a lot of people want to plant in their region, not to mention Indonesia

In 2011 the tropical kurma of KL-1 started to develop at that time, there were only a few Indonesian people who knew the news, because they had not seen the fruit out of the tree so it makes people got lack interest to cultivate kurma in Indonesia Well, in the year 2016 around August, the kurma palm trees have been fruitful, and that was when the people of Indonesia see a great a chance to cultivate the trees in Indonesia That were because the climate, temperature, weather and seasons in Thailand are almost the same as in Indonesia, so it makes them become more optimists to cultivate kurma in their region.

Since then many Indonesian people start to plant tropical kurma trees. This is reinforced by evidence that in some areas in Indonesia, there are already some kurma trees that are able to bear fruit Some of them are KL-1 and Barhee type of kurma, Some places in Indonesia that already have fruit palm trees are in Bangka, Lampung, Bekasi, North Sumatra, Riau, and one in Kudus District Central Java. Kurma is a tree with two houses so that the female tree is separated from the male tree. Naturally, pollination of Kurma is aided by the wind but pollination by insects also becomes one of the possible occurrences of fertilization Different pollen sources (pollen), will affect the size, shape of seeds and tissue on the outer side of the embryo and fruit endosperm.

Kurma can be proliferated in 3 ways: from seeds, buds (offshoot, like bananas) and tissue culture (tissue culture) for how to breed through the seeds can be seen in the previous articles. The breeding method through the seed is easy but you wouldn't know for sure whether the planted kurma trees are either male or female besides, the kurma tree from seed almost 50% in males and they actually were not productive at all kurma trees will produce at 6-10 years old well, to know the type of kurma trees (male or female), the easiest way is when it grew bigger,  note the base of the midship date the male kurma trees had the midrib base in bright yellowish color, while the female tree had gray color

palm trees will bear fruit when the female tree and male tree flowers were pollinated if they were not pollinate, the female flowers will fall out. The root of the kurma tree is very unique The date kurma trees have different roots with the roots of kurma trees or oil kurmas The root of the fibers is divided into Roots Up / Air, Root Side, Middle Root and Root The Inside Root can pierce up to 12 m to the earth.

While the Root Side creeps no more than 1 m from the cob. Make the kurma tree very sturdy, as well as friendly to neighboring plants Dates do not seize water and nutrient elements of neighboring plants Precisely "wa fajarna minal 'uyuun" (according to QS Yasin 36:35) holds the rate of water penetration into and helps "pump" the water radiates springs upwards so that enough water near the topsoil.

Its silvery leaf payments reflect some of the sun's light and heat, drain the wind, increase the humidity, lower the temperature and help create a good microclimate around it. planting of tropical kurma trees is not as difficult as imagined basically, it almost the same as planting other types of palm trees the type of land suitable for growing kurma trees is sandy and slightly dry soil.

kurma can also grow in various types of soil such as mild-medium and heavy but it requires
good drainage and penetration through its deepest level kurma tree resist to alkaline soil (alkalis). in addition to KL-1 kurma type, there are also some cultivars of kurma that can be planted in Indonesia and bear fruit such as ajwa, amir, and nabi.

Here we have listed planting procedure of Tropical kurma trees

1. Plant Phase

Provide land with a distance of 7 × 7 meters with a hole depth of 60 × 60 cm It is meant that the palm tree branches that grow not coincide when it is high and large Give fertilizer regularly so that the optimal fruit production. Allow the holes that have been prepared for approximately three days to be exposed to the sun then enter the ready-made fertilizer and plant the date palm seeds. but lately, are popular fruit plants in pots and many are also starting to try to cultivate dates using pots if you intend to plant dates in pots, the most important that nutrients and nutrients must be met if planting using pots provide a mixture of sandy soil, rice husk and compost with a 2:1: 1 ratio then insert polybag seeds into the pot before and then do the treatment.

2. Treatment Phase: Sprinkling

Perform regular watering on tropical kurma trees. Fertilization stage is divided into two basic fertilizers and fertilizer aftershocks For basic fertilizers in the form of a mixture of manure, soil, and husk sown into the planting hole before the seeds are planted. While the follow-up fertilizer is given to plant growth. As for the next fertilization stage using NPK fertilizer given 3 times a year as follows:

  1. Stage # 1 - vegetative phase, by giving 1 kg of NPK fertilizer balanced by 15:15:15 ratio.
  2. Stage # 2 - Delivers 50kg of chicken manure and 30kg of the cowshed on each female plant While the male plants only 20 kg cattle pen.
  3. Stage # 3 - gives 1 kg of balanced NPK fertilizer, the level is higher 24:24:24

3. Conception Phase

After the date palm flowering tree, it will be seen which date palm trees and females Male flowers tend to be white, petals are white and small flowers contain like flour If the female almost resembles a coconut flower and there is a lump in the crown. While the pollination to the ideal temperature maturation of the range 21-270C. The female date palm should be fertilized by male seedlings by hand, ie by cutting the skin of the date palm tree simply by cutting off the end of the skin of his head After the cut, then pollinated the male flowers to female flowers by taking the male flowers, then tucked between the female flowers while tied for one to two days.

4.Harvesting Phase Fruit selection

If the date palm has begun to bear fruit should do the packaging to optimize the results and avoid the rain and avoid the attack of pests. Packaging fruit bunches of dates can be done by wrapping a bunch of 3 layers pruning can also be done to keep the fruit dates are already large Small fruits of dates are discarded so that.
The first layer of transparent plastic to block rainwater seeps into the bunches. While the 2nd and 3rd layers each form of plastic and paper nets. It is useful to protect the fruit from bird and insect attacks
In addition to consuming the fruit, pollen that is on the date palm flowers can be drunk and is believed to increase the vitality of men. So information on how to plant tropical dates, that can cultivation in a pot hopefully useful information and provide more insight for you and hopefully give a blessing.

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