How to Grow Shallots

Onion is one of the most important kitchen spices Almost all foods are cooked using onions as a spice complement. No wonder the need for onion is increasing every day and that makes the price of onions sometimes become more expensive when compared with garlic and other vegetables.

Onion known as the Latin Allium cepa var ascalonicum (L) back is a plant originating from Iran, Pakistan and the surrounding area it is the most famous plant in the world. Because in addition to being used as a spice cooking, a red onion can be consumed in other ways for example made into fried onions, pickles as a complement of a dish, or eaten raw In addition to consuming, red onion is also commonly used for traditional medicine.  Not only that, but the red onion is also believed to have other benefits in curing some diseases such as: Treating ulcers lowers cholesterol, lower blood sugar levels, treat diabetes or Diabetes mellitus, and other diseases Various functions of the onion because it has many elements that are useful for the health of the body.

Such as the element of potassium and fiber. Not only that, but onions also contain vitamin C, folic acid, calcium, and iron are also very useful for health and fitness. Red onion cultivation is suitable when summer comes because plants require sunlight more than 12 hours per day. For shallot cultivation should choose an environment that is at an altitude of 0 to 900 below sea level.

While the temperature of the area that supports onion growth is around 25 to 35 degrees centigrade
for soil acidity limits ranging from pH 5.6 to 7.

9 simple steps of onion cultivation in pots for maximum results for those of you who want
to plant shallots at home Here is how to grow onions in pots to grow

1. Choose a container for planting onion is a plant that is quite unique and different from most other plants you do not need a lot of lands to plant shallots. You can plant it in the house with pots
And some ways to choose pots for onion cultivation are:

Pick pots with holes. The hole in the pot is very vital. No need to worry that the ground you put in the pot will come out of the existing hole underneath The function of this role is as the water circulation so that every time the plants are watered, the soil in the pot will not contain excessive water that potentially damages the plant. The last thing to note is the pot size it must adjust the plant and the area of the existing place If you want to plant onions, the pots used do not need to be too big. Even if there is already a big one, you can plant 2-3 seeds in one pot to make the place more efficient.

How to Grow Shallots
2. Preparation of seeds

There are two events to get the seeds from the onion. By buying it at a farm shop or using the remaining onions of cooking material,  And if you want to use the seeds of onion cook the remaining ingredients, the following steps should be considered:

The shallots that can be planted are old onions One way to differentiate the old red onion and the young is by looking at the color The old onion has a darker color than the young onion Select the onion that is single or has no puppies Select the red onion that already has a bud at the top and the root at the bottom It has no wrinkles. Onions are not in rotten condition

3. Planting techniques

After you have the onion seeds according to the above criteria, then we go to the third stage of the planting stage Generally, the planting stage consists of two things: preparing the planting medium and the planting technique itself. For planting media, there are several steps that must be considered.

Some of these steps are:

The soil used should be a soil containing humus in which one of its characteristics is to contain many earthworms. For basic fertilizer, you can use the manure that has dried as a mixture of soil as well as basic fertilizer.  The land used should be loose, The friable soil in addition to facilitating water absorbed by the soil will also facilitate the movement of roots while growing

4. How to plant shallots

Enter the soil that has been given the basic fertilizer into the pot. Soil that has been inserted into the pot is better doused with water first to be more humid. Before planting, the top of the red onion
is conical in ¼ section to stimulate the growth of new shoots. When planted, the part that had been cut must be at the top and the bottom of the onion that has begun to look the root points placed under.
Keep in mind, the seeds of onion that you planted should not be buried as a whole. Allow the top to be exposed to air and direct sunlight do the planting of onion seeds earlier in the morning or afternoon.

5. Treatment techniques

For the treatment of onion cultivation in polybags, simply water it once or twice a day during the dry season. Things you need to note, red onion plants cannot live if drought, and also can not if flooded by the water You can give him a plant-based pesticide to prevent pests If the onion is about two months old, do not be too often watered for the onion plant quickly bear fruit.

6. Weeding

Weeds are one of the enemies of the farmers. Especially in the rainy season where weeds can grow very quickly. Weeds can have many positive effects for plants Like one of them is disrupting the growth of the onion you plant or also absorb the nutrients in the soil so that the planted onions do not get enough nutrients to grow.

7. Providing advanced fertilizer is another important thing.

But there is a need to be considered in the selection of advanced fertilizers Because usually, the advanced fertilizer consists of two types of fertilizer ie leaves fertilizer and fruit fertilizer. Provision of the wrong kind of fertilizer in a plant will affect the growth of planted plants

Because both fertilizers have different functions Leaf manure is usually used for leaf and fruit fertilizer to grow fruit If you plant an onion for the leaves, use a leaf fertilizer as a further fertilizer And if you plant an onion for the tuber, use fruit fertilizer as a further fertilizer

8. Pest control

In general, there are two problems commonly encountered farmers who plant onions that you can also encounter when planting onions in pots, It is a caterpillar attack and also a yellowing of leaves or a wilting disease, Here's how that can be done to overcome them:

a. The disease wilted

Common wilt disease is caused by a fungus attack with onion leaf characteristics begin yellowing at the end and begin to wilt and twist For this disease, just like in caterpillar pests, there are two ways that can be done.
That is by chemical means and also by organic way Chemically, we can spray the insecticide evenly While the organic way, we can pull out the plants that have been affected by wilt disease and burn it so as not to spread to other seeds. Why revoke it? Because usually onion plants that have been exposed to the wilting disease, most likely also experience decay in the fruit, Do not use too much chemical fluid because in addition will make your onion plants contaminated with dangerous chemicals, soil used as a planting medium will also be damaged and make it unproductive again.

9. How to harvest onions

Onion crops will typically enter a harvest period of 55 to 70 days from the date of planting however, there are other factors affecting the duration of onion harvest One of them is the kind of red onion planted and the weather Weather factor is one factor that is very influential on the onion crop yields Because as described above, onions include plants that do not require much water during planting.

As more water is gained, the chance of rotting shallot will be higher and the possibility for crop failure may also occur For that reason when you decide to plant onions with pots, try the onion plants exposed to enough sunlight but it still protected from rainwater. The way we know whether the onion plant is ready for harvest or not is to pay attention to the leaves.

If the leaves are high and 90% have ducked, it's a sign of your onion crops can be harvested. If you want to use the onion harvest for your own consumption, you can immediately process it for immediate consumption, But different if you want to sell it. Usually, the onion farmers, after the onion they are harvested, they will soon dry them in the sun 7 to 14 days until the water content is only 85%. This drying is intended to reduce the water content contained in the onion so as to make it more durable to save some time to come So how to grow onions in pots to grow fast for maximum results to help you get maximum results in planting onions at home.

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